Aerothermodynamics of Aircraft Engine Components (Pandora by Gordon C. Oates

By Gordon C. Oates

Layout and R&D engineers and scholars will worth the excellent, meticulous insurance during this quantity. starting with the fundamental rules and ideas of aeropropulsion combustion, chapters discover particular strategies, obstacles, and analytical equipment as they endure on part layout.

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40) Substantial pressure differences may also be observed if the test container is sufficiently small for wall quench reactions to be of importance. 1 0 50 100 150 200 250 TEMPERATURE (°C) Fig. 17 pressure. Flammability characteristics for a kerosene-type fuel in air at atmospheric Often a flowing system will not be capable of sustained stable combustion under the temperature, pressure, and equivalence ratio conditions within the flammability limits. In practical systems, the limits within which the combustion will be stable are dependent on design details.

These include the heat of combustion, volatility and distillation characteristics, and flash point. The properties of current jet fuels, JP-4 (or Jet B), JP-8 (similar to Jet A), and JP-5 have been tabulated. Bibliography Barnett, H. C. and Hibbard, R. R. ), "Basic Considerations in the Combustion of Hydrocarbon Fuels with Air," Propulsion Chemistry Division, Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory, NACA Rept. 1300, 1957. Fenimore, C. , Chemistry in Premixed Flames, Pergamon Press, New York, 1964. Frank Kaminetskii, D.

As the inlet Mach number decreases, the maximum heat addition increases and the total pressure loss decreases. In addition, the flame stabilization process AFTERBURNERS 51 becomes more difficult as the gas speed increases. Hence, it is desirable to have as low a Mach number as possible at the burner inlet, which leads to the use of a diffuser between the turbine exit plane and the afterburner itself. The minimum Mach number at the burner inlet is usually fixed by the requirement that the diameter of the afterburner section of the engine not exceed that of the engine components located upstream of the afterburner.

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