AGRICULTURAL GOVERNANCE: GLOBALIZATION AND THE NEW POLITICS by Vaughan Higgins, Geoffrey Lawrence

By Vaughan Higgins, Geoffrey Lawrence

Nutrition safety and sustainability are arguably crucial matters dealing with the agri-food area at first of a brand new millennium. In an period of globalization, the place kingdom states seem to have a diminishing position in governing those issues, the prevailing and rising strength relatives underpinning agri-food legislation call for renewed scholarly realization. Drawing upon the services of a few of the main favourite writers in rural sociology, geography and anthropology, this e-book exhibits how globalization procedures open up a brand new regulatory politics during which ‘non-political’ sorts of governing play an more and more influential function in shaping agricultural creation and intake. the 1st of its variety to significantly and comprehensively learn new different types of governing and law, this significant textual content explores the connection among globalization and new websites, areas and brokers of agricultural rules, utilizing targeted case experiences in built countries to demonstrate issues made. Demonstrating the political value of regulatory mechanisms extending past the kingdom, the publication additionally discusses the results for the governing of the agri-food area.

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It was this collapse in prices and farmer income that triggered ballooning subsidy payments required to keep the entire American farm sector afloat. Because the USA dominates the market for most traded commodities, the low prices of US exported commodities have the power to drive prices down all over the world, which has resulted in the devastation of farmers worldwide. Conservative estimates are that between twenty and thirty million people have lost their land (and relatively secure livelihoods) as a result of trade liberalization (Madeley 2000: 75).

And this is a game that only agribusiness can play, since its ‘comparative advantage’ is its monopoly on global sourcing and production inputs and outlets. Many governments in the global South face an impasse, where foreign currency requirements to service their debt intensify agri-exporting, or debtrescheduling involves ‘second generation structural adjustment’ (linking credit to ‘good governance’ such as privatization), generate legitimacy crises as they withdraw land from staple foods, or public services from citizens.

1999) exemplifies general global restructuring trends, where, for example, 60 per cent of foreign direct investment in 1998 involved cross-border mergers and acquisitions (Public Citizen 2001: 19). The Canadian National Farmers’ Union testified in 2000 that ‘almost every link in the chain, nearly every sector, is dominated by between two and ten multibillion-dollar multinational corporations’ (quoted in Public Citizen 2001: 20). Through the device of cross-border operations, global firms exploit food market asymmetries between North and South, undercutting Northern entitlement structures and their institutional supports by optimizing the strategy of global sourcing.

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