An Historical Introduction to the European Union by Philip Thody

By Philip Thody

An old creation to the ecu Union is a chronological political historical past of ecu integration from the Nineteen Fifties to the current. additionally it is a contextualising survey of wider ecu historical past because the 1600s, and areas unification opposed to a history of worldwide politics. This basically written advent to the fundamental background, economics and politics of the eu Union assumes no previous wisdom. It bargains an in depth account of the Union with sections on: * how the Union works * easy rules of the Union * arguments over contested practices, together with agriculture * problems with the chilly struggle, expansion, and the position of the USA * language * unmarried ecu foreign money With an annotated bibliography, chronology and consultant to the associations of the ecu Union, An old creation to the eu Union comprises the newest learn and special therapy of the rules of the eu Union.

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The French and Italians had to pay an export tax to bring their agricultural products up to the same price as the food grown in the northern European, Germanic countries whose currency had not fallen in value, while the Germans and Dutch imposed what was in effect an import levy on French and Italian produce. In the long-term, however, the monetary instability already endemic as a result of the constantly better performance of the German or Dutch economies, and made worse by President Nixon’s decision also to impose a tax on imports into the United States, turned out to be what supporters of European economic integration could not help but see as a good thing.

When, on 1 January 1973, the United Kingdom, Denmark and Ireland became members of the Community, they were allowed a five-year transitional period in which to integrate their economies into those of the countries already in the European Community. However, in a way which differentiated the 1970s and 1980s from the period in which the first six member states began the process of European integration, this first enlargement was overshadowed in a very negative way by the consequences of events outside Europe.

The French objected to what they saw as an attempt to water down the sovereignty traditionally enjoyed by national governments, and expressed their disapproval by adopting the policy known as the ‘empty chair’. This meant that they withdrew for seven months from all the committees and History 17 other bodies which ran the EEC, so that no further progress could be made. Only in January 1966 was the problem solved, and even then on what has proved to be a fairly contentious basis. By what was known as the ‘Luxembourg compromise’, a member state was allowed to veto any proposition which it judged to be opposed to its ‘national interests’, and in the sense that this compromise marked a victory for ‘l’Europe des Patries’ favoured by the French over the more federalist concepts preferred by the Belgians or the Germans, de Gaulle can be said to have gained as clear a victory as he had already done in his 1963 veto of the British application for membership, and was to win again in 1967.

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