Artificially Controllable Nanodevices Constructed by DNA by Yangyang Yang

By Yangyang Yang

In this e-book, the writer bargains almost always with subject matters: (1) single-molecule visualization of switching behaviors within the DNA nanoframe procedure using other kinds of molecular switches by utilizing high-speed atomic strength microscope (AFM); (2) development of photocontrollable DNA nanostructures in programmed styles and direct visualization of the dynamic assembling procedure. right here, high-speed AFM was once hired to monitor the dynamic events of unmarried molecules. in comparison to a standard single-molecule research approach, reminiscent of fluorescence spectroscopy or electron microscopy, high-speed AFM makes attainable the real-time statement of molecule behaviors. DNA nanostructures have been designed and assembled as scaffolds to include biomolecules. The observations have been conducted lower than powerful stipulations with out complex pretreatment. furthermore, the photoresponsive molecules have been effectively assembled into round a hundred nm-sized DNA nanostructures. The assembly/disassembly of nanostructures might be regulated reversibly via photoirradiation. This ebook explains how DNA origami has progressively develop into a useful gizmo for the research of biochemical interactions in outlined nanospace. It additionally indicates the potential of DNA nanostructures appearing as nanodevices for software in organic structures, serving as an excellent creation to easy DNA nanotechnology.

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Extra info for Artificially Controllable Nanodevices Constructed by DNA Origami Technology: Photofunctionalization and Single-Molecule Analysis

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Without any irradiation treatment, the azobenzene molecules of Azo-ODN 1 and Azo-ODN 2 remain in trans-form, which will associate with each other and form the duplex. As a result, the hexagonal dimer will be formed with linkage of four Azo-ODN duplexes. The mechanism of dimer formation was illustrated in Fig. 3. 6), 1 mM EDTA, and 10 mM MgCl2) by annealing from Fig. 3 Two hexagonal monomers from A- and B- series, separately (1A and 1B) were assembled into hexagonal dimer, in which each monomer carrying four Azo-ODN strands along one edge.

A few strategies have already been reported for the assembly of nanostructures in larger size or in multiple patterns. “Superorigami” method developed by Yan and his coworkers was applied for much larger spatial nanostructures by scaling up hundred-nanometer sized DNA origami tiles together using single-stranded DNA with bridge strands [14, 15]. Another representing method called “Jig-saw pieces” strategy was reported by our group, in which 1D and 2D programmed nanostructures were successfully assembled taking advantage of shape complementary of predesigned assembling units [16].

Vis). The association and dissociation between CD and EF via formation and disruption of G-quadruplex, can be regulated by addition and removal of potassium ion, resulting in RS and Association State-2 (AS-2) respectively. In this work, we have investigated the sequential state transformation from AS-1 (photoinduced dissociation) to AS-2 (G-quadruplex formation) by addition of photoirradiation at UV range and K+ simultaneously. e. AB, CD, and EF) in a logical manner was also performed. 1 Experimental Section Design of DNA Nanoframe Containing Six Connecting Positions The new-type DNA nanoframe was designed by using caDNAno software.

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