By Thomas Ambrosio
Ambrosio examines 5 innovations that an more and more authoritarian Russia has followed to maintain the Kremlin's political strength: insulate, bolster, subvert, redefine and coordinate. each one approach seeks to counter or undermine neighborhood democratic traits either at domestic and during the former Soviet Union. regulations resembling those are of serious problem to the transforming into literature on how autocratic regimes have gotten extra energetic of their resistance to democracy. via designated case reviews of every method, this ebook makes major contributions to our understandings of Russian household and international regulations, democratization concept, and the coverage demanding situations linked to democracy advertising.
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Extra resources for Authoritarian Backlash: Russian Resistance to Democratization in the Former Soviet Union
If democratic countries are able to use carrots and sticks to pressure smaller states within the region to move toward democracy, this could in turn advance the diffusion process by precipitating further democratic openings and solidifying democratic gains. Moreover, states which have undergone democratic transitions will likely seek membership in international organizations which are identified with democratic norms; this will both represent ������������� ‘Divided and Panicky’, ���������� Economist, 6 May 2006, 62.
Yeltsin also supported a referendum which aimed to strengthen the president vis-à-vis the parliament. He later illegally dissolved the Supreme Soviet, in violation of the Russian Constitution; legislators responded by seeking to replace Yeltsin with his vice president, Alexander Rutskoy. As the result of these legislative and executive maneuvers, an armed crisis erupted which ended when Yeltsin ordered the military to shell and forcibly seize the Russian parliament building in October 1993. While the Russian legislature deserved a large amount of blame for the events of October 1993 (and the parliament’s supporters were, in fact, the first to use violence, though Yeltsin’s forces did blockade the legislature), many of Yeltsin’s actions before the confrontation were clear violations of the rule of law and the constitution.
In the present ������������������������������������ One notable exception is Ahlin 2003. 14 Authoritarian Backlash European context, democracy promotion has been limited to peaceful means, though in other cases covert actions and military intervention were used (Schraeder 2003: 26). Domestically-oriented studies have tended to focus almost exclusively on the domestic-level, cost–benefit analysis between the internal costs of resisting democratic reforms and the internal costs of tolerating a democratic opening.