Black Muslims and the Law: Civil Liberties from Elijah by Malachi D. Crawford

By Malachi D. Crawford

Black Muslims and the legislation: Civil Liberties From Elijah Muhammad to Muhammad Ali examines the kingdom of Islam’s quest for civil liberties as what could arguably be referred to as the inaugural and primary sustained problem to the suppression of non secular freedom in African American felony historical past. Borrowing insights from A. Leon Higgonbotham Jr.’s vintage works on American slavery jurisprudence, Black Muslims and the Law unearths the country of Islam’s strategic efforts to have interaction governmental officers from a place of energy, and indicates the federal government, congressmen, judges, attorneys, police officers, criminal directors, nation governments, and African American civic leaders held a standard figuring out of what it intended to be and not to be African American and spiritual within the interval among international warfare II and the Vietnam conflict. The paintings increases simple questions on the rights of African descended humans to outline god, query white ethical authority, and critique the ethical legitimacy of yankee struggle efforts in response to their very own ideals and standards.

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Whatever advice or ideas he had on the value of separate schooling for African Americans would have fallen on deaf ears. 12 On the other hand, there were deeper, more ethno-religious reasons why Elijah Muhammad and the NOI did not and could not seek support from the NAACP. ” 13 Islam was critical to both the religious and political identity of NOI members. Also, because the NOI viewed its temples as sacred spaces and the bodies of its membership as divine, the NOI considered the use of force in defending its temples and membership as a moral obligation and civil responsibility.

5 The group became publicly known as a voodoo cult and resulted in the arrests of its two most senior members, Fard Muhammad and Ugan Ali, his chief minister, who were placed in the psychopathic wards at the Detroit Receiving Hospital. Moreover, the Detroit police formed a special unit whose sole purpose was to disband the ATI. 6 For its part, the response by Fard’s followers was immediate. Lillian Ali, Ugan Ali’s wife, led over 500 members in protest of Harris’s detention at the downtown courthouse for nearly a week.

41. Beynon, “The Voodoo Cult,” 895; Kathleen Malone O’Connor, “The Islamic Jesus: Messiahood and Human Divinity in African American Exegesis,” Journal of the American Academy of Religion 66, no. 3 (Autumn 1998): 493–494. 42. Maesen, William A. “Watchtower Influences on Black Muslim Eschatology: An Exploratory Story,” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 9, no. 4 (Winter 1970): 321, 323. 43. Gomez, Black Crescent, 310. 44. Arthur H. Fauset, Black Gods of the Metropolis: Negro Religious Cults of the Urban North (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1971), 1–13.

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