Bleeding Borders: Race, Gender, and Violence in Pre-Civil by Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel

By Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel

In Bleeding Borders, Kristen Tegtmeier Oertel deals a clean, multifaceted interpretation of the vital sectional clash in pre-Civil struggle Kansas. rather than targeting the white, male politicians and settlers who vied for keep an eye on of the Kansas territorial legislature, Oertel explores the an important roles local american citizens, African americans, and white ladies performed within the literal and rhetorical conflict among proslavery and antislavery settlers within the area. She brings recognition to the neighborhood debates and the various peoples who participated in them in the course of that contentious interval. Oertel starts via detailing the payment of jap Kansas by way of emigrant Indian tribes and explores their interplay with the starting to be variety of white settlers within the zone. She analyzes the makes an attempt by means of southerners to plant slavery in Kansas and the eventually winning resistance of slaves and abolitionists. Oertel then considers how crude frontier dwelling stipulations, Indian clash, political upheaval, and sectional violence reshaped conventional Victorian gender roles in Kansas and explores women's participation within the political and actual conflicts among proslavery and antislavery settlers. Oertel is going directly to research northern and southern definitions of "true manhood" and the way competing rules of masculinity infused political and sectional tensions. She concludes with an research of miscegenation--not in simple terms how racial blending among Indians, slaves, and whites prompted occasions in territorial Kansas, yet extra importantly, how the phobia of miscegenation fueled either proslavery and antislavery arguments in regards to the want for civil conflict. As Oertel demonstrates, the gamers in Bleeding Kansas used guns except their Sharpes rifles and Bowie knives to salary conflict over the extension of slavery: they attacked each one other's cultural values and struggled to claim their very own political wills. They jealously guarded beliefs of manhood, womanhood, and whiteness at the same time the presence of Indians and blacks and the talk over slavery raised critical questions on the efficacy of those rules. Oertel argues that, finally, many local americans, blacks, and ladies formed the political and cultural terrain in ways in which ensured the destruction of slavery, yet they, besides their white male opposite numbers, did not defeat the resilient energy of white supremacy. relocating past a standard political background of Bleeding Kansas, Bleeding Borders breaks new flooring via revealing how the struggles of this hugely diversified area contributed to the nationwide circulate towards disunion and the way the ideologies that ruled race and gender family have been challenged as North, South, and West converged at the border among slavery and freedom.

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Extra info for Bleeding Borders: Race, Gender, and Violence in Pre-Civil War Kansas (Conflicting Worlds: New Dimensions of the American Civil War)

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Prevails among many of the tribes. . ” 25 Cumming recognized that the government’s efforts to prevent certain tribes from intermixing were pointless, and under his leadership, the Central Superintendence succumbed to and reluctantly supported the Indian practice of tribal consolidation. As a result of Indian removal and migration, then, the blending of Indian cultures began well before the official arrival of white settlers in 1854. “God will Judge in righteousness” The infiltration of religious missionaries and traders into the region during the 1830s and 1840s facilitated the syncretization of Indian and white cultures.

Indians also took advantage of the increased traffic in the region by taking in boarders and providing basic supplies to serve the needs of settlers and Indians alike. In fact, many white settlers’ first taste of life in Kansas was filtered through their overnight stays in Indian homes, and most settlers experienced positive interactions with their hosts and hostesses. Free-state and proslavery settlers alike frequented the Indian boarding houses that peppered the eastern border of Kansas Territory.

Richard W. 20 But the largest group of enslaved blacks who lived in Kansas prior to 1854 resided on or near the mission, where Reverend Johnson kept slaves and Indians to labor in his fields and tend to his affairs at the Manual Labor School. As Abing has found, some of the most “acculturated” and wealthy Shawnee Indians, most of whom were of mixed blood, owned slaves; in an effort to become “civilized” it appears that many of the Shawnee emulated their missionaries’ habits, including slaveholding.

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