Cashew Nut Shell Liquid: A Goldfield for Functional by Parambath Anilkumar

By Parambath Anilkumar

This publication highlights and stories the renewable feed inventory precept of eco-friendly nanotechnology by means of focusing using plant-derived cardanol as a renewable beginning fabric for the synthesis of complicated fabrics. The ebook offers the chemistry of cardanol and techniques of isolation, covers macro and nano buildings in keeping with cardanol in addition to capability purposes of such fabrics. destiny views on cardanol established eco-friendly nanotechnology are highlighted within the ultimate chapter.

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Manjula et al. [34] investigated the kinetics and mechanism of the oligomerization of cardanol using acid catalysts, while Rodrigues et al. [49] studied the influence of the temperature on the oligomerization of cardanol. Since the harsh conditions in which cashew nutshells are submitted during industrial processing involve temperatures as high as 190 °C, and that in this condition the oxidation of organic compounds may lower the pH, these two situations may present a synergistic effect and therefore can be considered as the main factors that initiate the oligomerization of the double bounds present in the alkenyl side chain of the phenolic compounds of CNSL.

Ambrožič RR, Šebenik U, Krajnc M (2015) Synthesis, curing kinetics, thermal and mechanical behavior of novel cardanol-based benzoxazines. Amorati R, Attanasi OA, Bassam EA, Filippone P, Mele G, Spadavecchia J, Vasapollo G (2002) Synthesis of new cardanol and cardol derivatives by allylation and regioselective cyclocarbonylation reactions. Attanasi OA, Ciccarella G, Filippone P, Mele G, Spadavecchia J, Vasapollo G (2003) Novel phthalocyanines containing cardanol derivatives. Attanasi OA, Del Sole R, Filippone P, Mazzetto SE, Mele G, Vasapollo G (2004) Synthesis of novel lipophilic porphyrin-cardanol derivatives.

Taking into account all these particularities, it is not difficult to understand that the isolation of the constituents of cashew nutshell liquid is one of the fundamental drawbacks to reach its summit as an attractive starting material in a industrial sector searching for more sustainable alternatives. 7 Main reactive sites of cardanol molecule 28 D. Lomonaco et al. 3 Number of published articles, according to Scopus and SciFinder involved in the process, low yields, contamination of the final product, and the cost-effectiveness of energy employed, invalidating remarkably its fulfillment in large scales.

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